The start of the year is an opportune time to look for ways to save and to understand how life changes affect what you owe. But even as you look ahead to the 2020 tax year, you still have time to take actions that lessen the bill on last year’s income.
The tips below can help you improve your returns for 2019 as well as understand how your 2020 tax bill could be affected by the things you do all year long.
Tax tips in 2020 that impact your 2019 tax bill
Although the 2019 earning year is over, your opportunity to score tax savings hasn’t yet passed. You can still make last-minute tax-deductible contributions to your IRA and to a health savings account.
The IRA contribution limit for 2019 is $6,000 for those under 50 and $7,000 for those 50 and over who are eligible for catch-up contributions. If you haven’t maxed out this tax-advantaged retirement account and your income isn’t too high to qualify for deductible contributions, you may want to invest now. You have until April 15, 2020 to contribute, or until October 15 if you file for an extension on your taxes.
If you have a qualifying high-deductible health insurance plan, you also have until Tax Day to make deductible contributions. You can invest up to $3,500 for singles or $7,000 for family coverage in 2019. HSA funds can be withdrawn tax-free any time to cover healthcare costs. Or you could opt to take the money out after age 65 for any purpose although you’d be taxed at your ordinary income tax rate.
Lastly, you should gather your receipts to add up potential deductions and credits. If you itemize, this could include deductions for medical expenses exceeding 7.5% of income; for state and local taxes up to $10,000; for charitable contributions; and for mortgage interest on up to $750,000 of mortgage debt (or $1 million if you borrowed prior to 15, 2018)
Always do the math to see if you’d be better off itemizing or claiming the standard deduction. The standard deduction increased slightly from 2018 to 2019, rising $200 for singles and spouses filing separately, $400 for married joint filers, and $350 for those filing as head of household.
Tax advice for 2020 and beyond
You have plenty of time to make changes in 2020 that can improve your tax situation. Some of the steps you could take for the upcoming year include:
Find a CPA that’s right for you: While TurboTax works fine for those with simple filing situations, it may be time to graduate to a tax professional as your career advances or your finances get more complex. This can be especially important if you have business or investment income and want to make sure you’re taking advantage of opportunities to save.
Plan for life changes: Buying a home, getting married or divorced, paying your student loans, or having a child all affect your taxes.
- Marriage will change your filing status and, when you combine your incomes, your tax brackets could change too.
- Purchasing a new home could entitle you to claim a mortgage interest deduction, so you may need to switch to itemizing.
- Refinancing your home could mean you’re subject to the new cap on mortgage interest that may not have applied if you previously borrowed prior to December 15, 2017.
- Do you already own a home? You can receive tax credits for certain home improvements! Learn more by reading this article.
Review changes to tax laws: The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in 2017 ushered in major changes, including new caps on the deductibility of state and local taxes. Because these changes are fairly recent, it’s important that you and/or your CPA review how they’ll affect your tax liability each year. The law also introduced new tax cuts for businesses, including one that provides the opportunity to deduct as much as 20% of business income. If you’re working for yourself, talk with a CPA about this new tax break.
Plan your gifting strategically: In 2020, you can make tax-free gifts of up to $15,000 per recipient. You may wish to talk with parents and family members about strategic gifting if there’s a possibility that estate taxes or inheritances taxes could be owed to state or local governments.
With these tips in mind, you should feel empowered to lower your upcoming tax bill and prepare for the tax years ahead!
Note: The content provided above is for informational purposes only. We recommend consulting with your tax advisor or lawyer to better understand how you should manage your taxes.